thumbnail TRM lesson plans levels 1 and 2
Kotahi te rākau – There is one tree

Kotahi te rākau – There is one tree

Te Reo Māori in English-medium schools

Achievement objective

1.3 Communicate about number.

Learning intention

Students can:

  • ask and answer questions about numbers (1–10).


At the end of this lesson, students can:

Whakarongo - Listening: Recognise and understand simple, familiar spoken words, phrases, and sentences.

Kōrero - Speaking: Imitate the pronunciation, intonation, stress, and rhythm of te reo Māori words, phrases, and sentences.

Mātakitaki - Viewing: Interpret meanings that are conveyed in combinations of words and images or symbols.


Resource sheet 1F Kotahi te rākau

Te Reo Māori in English-medium schools

  • HKRCL-A1-Resource-sheet-1F-Kotahi-te-rakau.doc
  • 254 KB

Lesson sequence

This is a group activity. Arrange the students into groups of six. Give out to each student one illustration from Resource sheet 1F: Kotahi te rākau.

Ask the students to colour in the illustrations as you model the questions and answers about how many items there are.

Repeat the simple questions about the number of items there are, ‘E hia ngā kau?’ ‘How many cows are there?’ The students who have the corresponding illustration should respond, ‘E whā ngā kau’ 'There are four cows’.


E hia ngā rākau? How many trees are there?
Kotahi te rākau. There is one tree.
E hia ngā ipu? How many bowls are there?
E rua ngā ipu. There are two bowls.
E hia ngā pea? How many pears are there?
E toru ngā pea. There are three pears.
E hia ngā kau? How many cows are there?
E whā ngā kau. There are four cows.
E hia ngā hēki? How many eggs are there?
E rima ngā hēki. There are five eggs.
E hia ngā pōtae? How many hats are there?
E ono ngā pōtae. There are six hats.

Encourage the members of each group to ask each other about the number of items there are.


E hia ngā hēki? E rima ngā heki.

Language to use

rākau tree pene pen
pea pear motokā car
hēki egg tūru seat
pōtae hat paoro ball
ipu bowl kūaha door
kau cow whare house/building
Ngā tatau Numbers
kotahi one ono six
rua two whitu seven
toru three waru eight
whā four iwa nine
rima five tekau ten


While there is only one tree in the illustration used in this exercise, it is correct to ask in Māori, E hia ngā rākau?. This means ‘How many trees are there?’

Discuss real life items from around the school.

Further learning

To discuss possession of items, introduce names to the question:

E hia ngā pea a Tio? How many pears does Tio have?
E toru ngā pea a Tio. Tio has three pears.
E hia ngā kau a Tinirau? How many cows does Tinirau have?
E whā ngā kau a Tinirau. Tinirau has four cows.

 Note: When asking about numbers of people, you must begin the question with the word ‘Tokohia’:

Tokohia ngā tamariki? How many children are there?
Tokorima ngā tamariki. There are five children.
Kotahi te kaihautū. There is one principal.
Tokotoru ngā kaiako. There are three teachers.
Related Resources