thumbnail TRM lesson plans levels 1 and 2
Ko wai ō hoa? - Who are your friends?

Ko wai ō hoa? - Who are your friends?

Te Reo Māori in English-medium schools

Achievement objective

2.1 Communicate about relationships between people.

Learning intentions

Students can:

  • use the pronoun 'rāua' to join 2 people’s names
  • understand, and use, the pronouns 'taku' and 'aku' to show possession
  • use the pronoun 'rātou' to join 3 or more people’s names.


At the end of this lesson, students can:

Whakarongo – listening:  Get the gist of slightly more complex or less familiar te reo Māori phrases and sentences.

Kōrero – speaking: Initiate simple conversations in te reo Māori.

Mātakitaki – viewing: Understand and respond to combinations of visual and verbal language in selected texts.


Lesson sequence

Tell the students that in this activity they will be placed into teams and will say the names of their team mates.

Ask the students to line up in the order of the month they were born in. Divide the class into groups of five students, with people born at a similar time of the year. Tell them that this will be their team for a sports activity.

Before leaving the class to start the activity, ask a student in each team who their team mates are:

Ko wai ō hoa tākaro? Who are your team mates?

Students say their team mates’ names, using ‘rātou ko’, for example:

Ko Merena, rātou ko Amo, ko Huia, ko Pou aku hoa tākaro. My team mates are Mereana, Amo, Huia and Pou.


‘Rātou’ is a pronoun and refers to groups of three or more people that the speaker is referring to. Groups should therefore consist of at least three students.


When discussing other activities, ask the students about the number of members in their team:

Tokohia ō hoa tākaro? How many team mates do you have?
Kāore aku hoa tākaro. I have no team mates.
Kotahi taku hoa tākaro. I have one team mate.
Tokowhā aku hoa tākaro. I have four team mates.
Tokomaha aku hoa tākaro. I have many team mates.

Replace ‘hoa tākaro’ with family and other terms:

Ko wai ō kaiako? Who are your teachers?
Ko ____, rātou ko ____, ko ____ aku kaiako. My teachers are ____, ____ and ____.
Ko wai ō mātua? Who are your parents?
Ko Tau rāua ko Phillipa aku mātua. My parents are Tau and Phillipa.

Other resources

  • Cormack, S., & Cormack, I. (2005). He mātāpuna. (p.52). Auckland: New House Publishers. (Provides useful illustrations of the pronouns).
Related Resources