thumbnail TRM lesson plans levels 7 and 8
He hokinga mahara – Looking back

He hokinga mahara – Looking back

Te Reo Māori in English-medium schools

Achievement objective

7.5 Read about and recount actual or imagined events in the past.

Learning intentions

Students can:

  • recognise kīwaha and kīrehu in texts
  • use kīwaha/kīrehu to enhance their writing..


At the end of this lesson, students can:

Pānui – Reading: Understand much of what is written about a range of topics across a range of written text types.

Tuhituhi - Writing: Write about a range of topics, using words and expressions that are appropriate for the purpose and intended audience.


Te Wharekura 60, Te Tāhuhu o te Mātauranga, Te Whanganui-a-Tara

Teachers’ notes - Mōkai Tuna

Te Reo Māori in English-medium schools

  • Teachers-notes-Mokai-Tuna.doc
  • 35 KB
Teachers’ notes - He hokinga mahara

Te Reo Māori in English-medium schools

  • Teachers-notes-He-hokinga-mahara.doc
  • 15 KB

Lesson sequence

Copy the pakiwaitara/pūrākau Mōkai Tuna from Te Wharekura 60 (attached as Teachers’ notes: Mōkai Tuna). Have the students read the story aloud as a class. Then ask them to identify colloquial expressions in the text. Ask if they are kīwaha or kīrehu.
Ask the students to translate the identified sayings into English, providing arguments for their decisions. They should also discuss new words and summarise each paragraph. 
Tell them to write about 3–5 personal experiences, using kīwaha/kīrehu to describe them. Encourage the students to read their stories to the class.

Language to use

Colloquial expressions found in Teachers’ notes: He hokinga mahara.


Scenarios can be turned into short skits acted by students.

Further learning

The students could watch the video ‘Moko Toa’, listening for the kīwaha used.

Other resources

Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Māori. (1999). He Kohinga Kīwaha. Tāmakimakaurau, New Zealand: Reed.
A collection of colloquial expressions in te reo Māori.

Rauemi tūhono