thumbnail TRM lesson plans levels 3 and 4
E whana – Go

E whana – Go

Te Reo Māori in English-medium schools

Achievement objective

3.3 Give and follow directions.

Learning intentions

Students can:

  • give appropriate instructions to navigate a course
  • correctly follow instructions.


At the end of this lesson, students can:

Kōrero – Speaking: Initiate and sustain short conversations.

Whakarongo – Listening: Understand a range of short oral texts consisting mainly of familiar language.


  • Blindfolds
Resource sheet 3H He tohutohu

Te Reo Māori in English-medium schools

  • Resource-sheet-3H-He-tohutohu.doc
  • 28 KB

Lesson sequence

Explain to the students that this activity is similar to ‘pin the tail on the donkey’.

Allocate one instruction to each student from Resource sheet 3H: He tohutohu. This way the students become familiar with one instruction each.

Take turns blindfolding the students, leading them to a location in the room.

The class instructs the blindfolded student to find a taonga (treasure) in the room, for example, a rock or a lolly. If the student should turn right, the student responsible for that instruction calls it out, for example: ‘Huri whakamatau!’ The students keep guiding the blindfolded student until they reach the target.

Ensure that each student takes a turn being blindfolded and calling instructions.

Language to use

Language to guide/instruct (see Resource sheet 3H: He tohutohu). Use of ‘e’ before instructions with two or less syllables. The use of ‘whaka’ meaning ‘towards’ or ‘in the direction of’:

  • whakamua, whakamuri - forward, backwards
  • whakamauī - to the left
  • whakamatau - to the right


Some students may call instructions at the same time. This will add to the atmosphere of the activity.


Turn the activity into a live version of a video game. As a student sits in the driver’s seat, students move toward them representing obstacles such as bridges, rivers, bends in the road etc. A passenger could sit next to the driver and inform them which way to go. The students could draw a map of the course taken and then write how they got to where they were.